It is the time of year when many accountants and tax preparers live, breathe, eat and sleep taxes (leaving very little time to write about them!). And while much of it is routine, there are numerous issues that arise, the treatment for which is not immediately apparent and can actually be quite interesting (perhaps more so to a tax nerd), some of which are compiled below:Read More
One of the responsibilities of being a small business owner requires having to submit a variety of tax declarations by specific deadlines or face consequences that involve penalties, interest and if left long enough, aggressive letters from Revenue Canada and Revenue Quebec. The bad news is that there is no way around it and ignoring it does not make it go away. The good news is that if you are prepared and organized it doesn’t have to be painful and can actually be quite straightforward with the right infrastructure. The first step is to be aware of the deadlines and understand the obligations that go along with it:Read More
As the end of the year draws nigh, it is time for business owners everywhere to start contemplating some end of year tax planning tips to not only ensure that they can maximize their tax deductions and reduce taxes payable, but to streamline the tax filing process in the New Year. Even if you are incorporated and your year end date is not December 31st, it is a good time to take advantage of calendar year deadlines for personal tax planning purposes.Read More
The Canadian real estate market has been a good place to invest in recent years, although comparisons to the US real estate bubble, which finally culminated in 2008, are continuing to intensify. Potential homeowners often find themselves seduced by their vision of the perfect home in the perfect neighbourhood and end up in a difficult situation, referred to as “house poor”, where the majority of their disposable income goes to paying down their mortgages. This can be avoided by ensuring that you realistically assess what you can afford and being financially responsible.Read More
While the Federal 2013 budget or the (more interestingly named) Economic Action Plan delivered on March 21, 2013 was not earth shattering in any way, it is interesting to note how well Canada is performing relative to other countries in the G7. According to the EAP, The Canadian economy has experienced the best performance among the Group of Seven (G-7) countries over the recovery, with the strongest record of economic growth and job creation. 950,000 jobs have been created since July 2009, the majority of which are full time positions in high wage industries. Additonally, Canada is only G-7 country to also have more than fully recovered business investment loss during the recession. And although the recovery has been broad based, investment in the manufacturing sector has been particularly strong.
The EAP also notes that while GDP growth over the next five years remains unchanged, expected growth for 2013 has been revised to 1.6% down from 2.0%. This will be offset by higher estimated growth between 2015 and 2017. Consequently, economists expect lower inflation in 2013. The CPI inflation in January 2013, compared with the prior year, was 0.5% while inflation for all of 2013 is expected to be lower than average at 1.3%. They also expect that the Canadian dollar will remain at par with the US dollar.
The 2013 budget introduces and extends certain initiatives for small business, while also impacting taxes payable for small business owners:
There are many employees out there to whom the promise of self-employment aka freelancing aka independent consulting (all of whom are ultimately small business owners) seems extremely appealing (particularly with a comfortable pair of pajamas). You might crave the feeling of accomplishment that is no longer possible at your current place of employment; you might want greater flexibility or feel that you are not being compensated enough for your skills or perseverance. Or you simply might want a change of pace.
While being self-employed can accomplish all of these goals, the transition itself is not as simple as it might seem nor is it the right decision for everybody. There are many factors that need to be considered and many mental and financial preparations that should be made prior to taking this potentially life altering decision.
For the third year in a row, the Quebec Sales Tax (QST) will be changing. Fortunately, the change is not to the rate, which effectively remains the same, but rather an effort to harmonize the QST with the GST. Consequently, the most significant change is the method by which the rate is calculated.
In the past, the QST used to be calculated on the total sale plus GST. As a result the published rate was 9.5% while the effective rate was actually 9.975%. The harmonization of the GST and the QST requires that the QST be charged on the sale amount only, without the GST. As such the published rate and the effective rate will both be 9.975%. This is illustrated below:
The temptation to start a small business or venture into self employment can be strong particularly for those who are unhappy with their existing employment situation. The freedom and flexibility that being your own boss seems to offer can be seductive, as is the potential for growth which you, as the business owner, can have full control over. You may have an idea or a particular skill that you believe is desirable to a specific target market and you are confident that once this target market is aware of your existence they will all be banging down your door. Consequently, you start your business by offering an amazing product or services, only to realize that building up a customer base is more challenging than you thought. Additionally, there are a number of other obstacles for which you do not have the expertise (done by another department when you were an employee) whether it is marketing, website development, legal research and accounting. Finally, you realize that you actually need a fairly sizable source of cash to maintain the business, deal with growth opportunities, whilst ensuring that you are able to support yourself.
The chart below, published by Statistics Canada available Key Business Statistics – July 2012 (this seems to be the latest data that is available), demonstrates the percentage of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that actually survive over a five year period.
No deduction shall be made in respect of an outlay or expense except to the extent that it was made or incurred by the taxpayer for the purpose of gaining or producing income from the business or property