Should You Pay Yourself a Salary or Dividend? 7 Considerations For Small Business Owners

While incorporation has many benefits for small business owners, it does introduce additional complexities that are not faced by registered  businesses.  Unincorporated business owners are essentially taxed on their net business income, which allows for more time to devote to tax planning and how to spend all of your richly deserved profits.   Incorporated business owners, on the other hand,  cannot just withdraw cash from their businesses as the need or whim arises.  There needs to be a formalized structure in place which usually takes the form of either salary or dividends.  Either type of remuneration has tax and other implications that need to be considered before making a decision. 

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How to Pay Dividends: Completing the T5 Slip and Summary

 

If you are the owner of a corporation, you can choose to pay yourself (and other shareholders) dividends instead of a salary, or they can be paid in addition to a salary.  If you do decide to pay yourself dividends, it is important to ensure that you prepare the proper documentation for Revenue Canada (CRA) and if you live in Quebec, Revenue Quebec.  The documents are due by February 28th of the calendar year following the year in which the dividend was paid.  And although no taxes are due at the time of filing with the government, interest and penalties apply for late payment.  The documents that need to be filled out and returned to the CRA and MRQ are discussed below:

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